英语词汇导学1226学习笔记

英语词汇导学–顾巍老师

D开头重点单词盘点

  1. debate
    n 辩论 - dispute n 争端
    controvery n 争论 argument n 争论,论点 -argue

  2. decay
    vi 腐烂 corrupt v 腐败 delay v 耽搁,延迟

  3. deceive
    vt 欺骗 deceive(cheat) sb into doing

  4. decline
    v&n 下降;vt 婉拒 -cline 弯曲
    decline an offer decline an invitation sb
    incline to do 倾向做 recline 依靠 + on

  5. decrease
    v&n increase v&n

  6. dedicate
    -devote commit vt 1) do/make;2)承诺
    commit a crime/commit suicide
    be commited/dedicated/devoted to +N 致力于

  7. deem
    v think 认为

  8. deficit
    n -deficient adj 不足的 n 赤字 efficient adj 有效率的

  9. define
    vt 下定义 -definition n 定义
    confine to 限制 refine vt 精炼
    refined sugar 精糖 refine your language

  10. delegate
    n 代表 vt 授权,委任

  11. deliberate
    adj 故意的;从容的

  12. delighted
    adj 开心的,高兴的 -delight vt

  13. deliver
    vt 投放,送
    deliver milk/newspaper/a speech
    delivery n the pxpress service

  14. democratic
    adj 民主的 -democracy n

  15. demonstrate
    show 演示展示 display demonstration n
    游行示威 depict-describe描写

  16. deny
    vt 否认 2)拒绝 deny sb sth
    Nobody can deny children the right to receive education

  17. dependent
    adj + on -depend on 依赖 be dependent of 独立于

  18. depress
    v 1)萧条 2)抑郁 -depression 萧条;抑郁症
    depressed adj compress vt 压缩 - impress vt 印象 -express
    vt 表达 express emotions -repress vt 压制,抑制 -oppress -suppress

  19. deprive
    vt 剥夺 deprive sb of sth

  20. derive
    derive from 源自 - come from源自 - stem from - originate from

  21. descendant
    descend - ascend vi 上升 descendant 后代,下降

  22. deserve
    vt 值得,该受
    conserve vt 保守,保护 -conservative adj 保守的 -conservation n 保护 observe vt 观察;遵守,vi 说
    reserve vt 预定,保留;n 储备,储存,保留 reservation 预定
    reserved 有所保留的 oill reserved/reserve fund
    preserve vt 保存;腌制 preserved meat a well-preserved lady

  23. designate
    vt 指定,标明,命名

  24. desirable
    adj 渴望的,想要的,理解的 -desive vt 渴望 to do
    desirable jobs理想的工作

  25. desperate
    adj 绝望的,孤注一掷的
    desperate vt 绝望 - despaired

  26. despise
    vt 蔑视,轻视

  27. detect
    vt 发现-detective n 侦探

  28. determine
    vt 决心 I am determined to do 决心做

  29. devise
    vt 设计 -device n 设备

  30. dictate
    vt 听写;口授;命令
    dictation n 命令
    -dic 说 dictation dictionary n 字典
    contradict vt 矛盾

  31. dilemma
    n 进退两难

  32. diligent
    adj 勤奋的
    I am a hard-working/diligent/industrious student
    industry n 工业;勤奋 industrial adj 工业的 industrous adj

  33. diminish
    vt 减少;减小 -mini 小 miniskirt

  34. disastrous
    adj -disaster n 灾难
    This is a disaster This can cause disastrous consequence

  35. discern
    vt 辨认,确认 - identify vt 约束,管束

  36. dsicipline
    n 学科 This a cross discipline 纪律
    classroom discipline/military discipline self-discipline 自律性

  37. disclose

- enclose vt 圈起来 - enclosure n
close vt 关闭 adj disclose vt 透露,揭露,泄露

  1. discriminate
    n 歧视 racial/age/sex/gender discriminate

  2. disgrace
    vt 不雅,是丢脸
    Grace n 优雅 graceful/graceless/disgraceful

  3. disguise
    v&n 伪装
    a blessing in disguise put yourself in other‘s shoes 换位思考

  4. dismiss
    vt 打发,解散;不理会
    lay off 解雇 you are dismissed

  5. display
    demonstrate vt&n be on display window display 橱窗展示

  6. dispose
    vi +of 处置,处理(旧物)-disposal n at sb's
    disposal the car is now at my dispose

  7. disrupt
    -rupt=break bankrupt/corrupt/erupt/interrupt 打断,干扰
    disrupt vt 破坏 disruption 打扰

  8. distinct
    adj 不同的+from;清楚的
    The smell of beer is distinct from wine

  9. distinguish
    vt 1)区分 distinguish A from B;distinguish between...and
    please distinguish the good from the bad
    2)使卓越 He has distinguish himself many time in war
    distinguished adj 卓越的 a distinguished guest 嘉宾

  10. distract
    分散 vt from 注意力等
    attract- contract- extract- abstract- tract:draw

  11. distribute
    vt 分发,分派,分布- distribution
    contribute attribute to 归因于

  12. diverse
    adj 各种各样的 - diversity n 多样性
    biodiversity n 生物多样性

  13. dividend
    n 分红
    allowance bonus divide vt 分割

  14. domestic
    adj 国内的,家的 domestic departure 国内离岗
    domestic violence 家暴

  15. dominant
    vt 占主导,占主控 -dominant adj

  16. dramatic
    adj 戏剧化的 - drama n 戏剧
    considerable adj 可观的 大量的

  17. due
    adj 应到的 is due to ;到期的;因为;适当的
    after due 适当的 consideration,he decided to undertake MBA program

  18. dynamic
    adj 动态的;有活力的 energetic/vigorous adj 有活力的
    dynamics n 动力学;动态

E开头重点单词盘点

  1. ease
    n 容易;舒服,自在 -easy take it easy
    I felt/was at ease talking with you
    vt 减轻,减缓 -lessen/relieve

  2. echo
    n 回声 vt 回响 narcissus 水仙花

  3. economical
    economic- economy economic development
    adj 经济实惠的 economical wifi

  4. effective
    effect affect effective efficient
    deficient adj -deficit n 赤字 efficient adj 效率的 efficiency effective adj有效的 effect n影响,效果 effect vt 影响

  5. effort
    endeavor n&vi 努力
    try to do/manage to do make efforts to do
    endeavor to do /make an endeavor to do

  6. elaborate
    adj 精心准备的;复杂的 an elaborate dinner
    complex complicated sophisticated intricate elaborate

  7. elapse
    lapse collapse
    collapse v 崩溃;倒塌 lapse n 小错 vi 流逝 blunder 大错

  8. elevate
    vt 提升 elevator n 电梯 - lift
    escalate vt 滚动升级 - escalator n 滚梯
    A good book can elevate our minds 抽象

  9. eliminate
    vt 消除根除;淘汰
    eliminate poverty n elimination

  10. elite
    n 精英

  11. embarrass
    awkward adj 尴尬的 vt 使尴尬
    he asked me embarrassing question
    I felt embarrassed

  12. embody
    vt 体现

  13. emerge
    vi 出现 + from -arise an emerging industry 新兴行业
    emergency emergence emergent
    n 紧急情况 n 出现 adj 紧急的
    an emergency airport/brake/room/fund/exit

  14. emigrate
    vi 移民 migrate vi 迁徙 - immigrate 移民
    migrant n -immigrant - emigrant n 移民

  15. eminent
    prominent exceptional extraordinary distinguished outstanding 杰出的,卓越的 excellent execl vi 优秀+at 好,擅长,优秀

  16. emit
    排出,排放 - emission
    save energy and reduce carbon emission 节能减排
    -mit:go commit/limit/emit/submit/transmit

  17. encounter
    vt 遇见,偶遇;遭遇 -meet

  18. endeavour
    vi&n 努力
    endeavor to do 努力去做

  19. endow
    vt 赋予才能,财富 be endow with

  20. endure
    vt 忍受;tolerate vt 宽容,容忍
    bear vt put up with

  21. engage
    vt 忙于;从事;吸引 be engaged in 忙于;从事
    the toy can engage the attention of the kid
    订婚 engagement ring 订婚戒指

  22. enhance
    vt 提高(抽象如品质等)- elevate 提升思想
    the beautiful moonlight can enhance the romance of the night
    improve the living standards

  23. enormous
    adj 巨大的(体积,距离,程度)

  24. enroll
    vt 录取,录用,招生 roll n 名单
    enlarge the enrollment of the university

  25. ensure
    vt 确保,保证 - assure assure sb of sth/that ensure(sb) sth/that sure adj

  26. entail
    vt 包含 +N/doing -involve

  27. enterprise
    n 企业;进取心
    state-owned enterprise 国有企业
    corporation n 公司
    He is a young man of enterprise

  28. enthusiastic
    adj 热情的 enthusiasm

  29. epidemic
    n 流行病 covid-19;coronavirus pandemic

  30. equivalent
    n 等同物,等价物 -of/to
    -que:相等;平等 adj -equality n

  31. erase
    vt 擦除;去除 eraser n 橡皮

  32. erect
    correct vt 改正,纠正(错误);矫正
    -rect 直立 rectify vt 纠正;矫正

  33. erupt
    vt 爆发,喷发(火山等)eruption n

  34. essential
    adj 基本重要的
    essence n 本质 in essence 从本质上讲
    重要的 critical- crucial- vital

  35. estate
    real estate房地产 property n 财产;地产

  36. esteem
    self-esteem 自尊 self-confidence self-discipline

  37. estimate
    vt 估计 estimation over/underestimate

  38. eternal
    adj 永恒的

  39. ethnic
    种族的 - ethic adj 道德的,伦理的 &n

  40. evacuate
    vt 撤离,疏散

  41. evade
    vt 逃跑 - invade vt 入侵,侵略

  42. evaluate
    vt 估价,评估 vale(价值等)
    assess vt 评估(质量等)

  43. eventually
    最终 finally/in the end/at last

  44. evident
    adj 明显的,显而易见的 evidence n 证据 -proof
    明显地:evidently;apparently;obviously;self-evident 不言而喻的

  45. evolve
    vi 进化发展 - evolution n 进化
    shenzhen has evolved from a small fishing village into a modern big city
    -volve 转 involve vt 卷入牵连;包含- involution 内卷 I don't want to be involved in the case
    revolve v 旋转 - revolution n 革命

  46. exaggerate
    vt 夸张 exaggerate exaggeration n
    boast vt 吹牛

  47. exceed
    vt 超出 - excessive adj 过量的
    -ceec 走v/-cess n
    proceed- process cede走v/-cession n
    recede- recession

  48. exclude
    排除- include包含
    inclusive adj 包含的(inclusiveness)

- exclusive adj 排他的,独有的,专有的
an exclusive interview 独家专访
The rent is &350,breakfast included/excluded=inclusive/exclusive of breakfast

  1. executive
    n 行政官员;执行 CEO- chief executive officer sports executive

  2. exert
    vt 施加(压力、影响)
    exert pressure/influence on

  3. exempt
    adj免除的 be exempt from 免于+punishment duty-free

  4. expel
    repel- compel- dispel -pel 推 pull/push
    expel vt 驱逐
    compel vt 逼迫迫使 -be compelled to do 不得不
    repel v 排斥 water and fire repel each other
    dispel vi 消散(烦恼)

  5. expend
    expand- expend- extend
    expand v 扩张,扩大,膨胀
    expand territory 扩张领土
    enlarge your vocabulary 扩大词汇量
    extend vt 延伸,延展,延长 - make longer
    extend my vacation 延长假期
    expend vt 花费花销 - expensive adj 贵的
    expenditure n 花销话费(不可数)
    expense n 花销花费(复数)

  6. expenditure
    expenditure- expense- expend
    expenditure n 花销花费(不可数)
    expense n 花销花费(复数)

  7. expose
    vt 暴露于;接触到+to be exposed to
    Don't expose your skin to strong sunlight
    college students can be exposed to many foreign cultures

  8. extent
    to some extent 在一定程度上
    health is important to us
    health,to some extent,is critical to us

  9. external
    adj 外部的 - internal adj 内部的

  10. extinguish
    vt 熄灭灭火 - distinguish 区分

  11. extract
    adj 灭绝的
    many animals have been extinct

  12. extreme
    n 极端 don't go the extreme
    extremely adv very 非常地

F开头重点单词盘点

  1. fabricate
    vt 编织,编造
    fabric n 纤维,织物

  2. facilitate
    vt 使便利,使容易;促进
    -facility n 便利设施(复数)
    teaching/sports facilities
    The construction 修建 of the road
    facilitates the local economic development

  3. faculty

- staff (集合名词)员工;教职员工

  1. fade
    vi 褪色;消退;减退
    The painful memory began to fade

  2. faithful
    faith n 忠诚;信念 - faithful adj 忠诚的

  3. familiar
    adj 熟悉的 - acquaint vt 熟悉
    be familiar with/be familiar to
    I am familiar with the word
    The word is familiar to me
    I am acquainted with the word
    acquaintance n 熟人

  4. famine
    n 饥荒

  5. fascinate
    vt 着迷,迷恋
    be fascinated with 着迷

  6. fatigue
    n 疲劳,疲惫

  7. fasten
    vt 固定
    For the sake of 为了your safety,please fasten your seatbelt

  8. feasible
    adj 可行的 - flexible adj 灵活的,弹性的
    flexible working schedule 灵活工作制
    feasibility- flexibility n

  9. feature
    n 特点特征;
    vt 以...为特色;由...主演;以...为主要组成;起重要作用;占重要地位
    The latest model features alloy wheels and an electronic alarm
    olive oil and garlic feature prominently in his recipes

  10. fierce
    adj 凶猛的
    fierce competition 激烈的竞争
    domestic violence violent adj 暴力的

  11. financial
    n 财政,金融 - financial adj financial n 财政,金融 - financial adj financial deficit 财政赤字 financial crisis 金融危机

  12. finite
    adj 有限的 - infinite adj 无限的 finite natural resource 资源
    infinite creativity

  13. flatter
    vt 奉承

  14. flourish
    vi 繁荣
    boom-booming
    flourish- flourishing
    prosper- prospering
    thrive- thriving

  15. fluctuate
    v 波动;fluctuation n

  16. forbid
    vt 禁止 - forbid sb to do
    The forbidden city
    ban/keep/stop/prevent/prohibit/hamper/hinder sb from doing

  17. forecast
    预报 - foretell 预言 - foresee 预见
    unforeseeable consequence
    fore-前
    forefather
    forefinger
    forehead
    foreleg
    foreleg
    forearm

  18. foster
    vt 养育;培养;照料;促进
    raise vt 养育
    cultivate vt 培养- talents
    照料 take care of/look after
    促进 promote
    foster a kid
    foster friendship

  19. fragile
    adj 易碎的,脆弱的

  20. fragment
    n 片段,碎片

  21. frame
    n 框架

  22. fraud
    n 骗子

  23. frighten
    vt 使害怕- fright n 恐惧,害怕
    Are you frightened/scared?

  24. fringe

- brim- verge- edge- margin n 边缘+on
fringe(地域)边缘,流苏
On the fringe of the forest
brim(容器)边缘+ on the brim of the glass
verge(抽象-坏事)边缘
on the verge of bankruptcy/despair
edge n 边缘;刀刃;优势
a double- edged sword 双刃剑
margin n 边缘;(书)空白边缘;幅度;余地
on the margin of the lake
take notes in the margin of the book
he won the game by a wide/narrow margin

  1. frugal
    adj 节约的
    economical/thrifty adj

  2. fulfill
    vt 完成;履行;实现
    fulfill a task
    fulfill one's promise/contract
    fulfill one‘s ambition/dream
    fulfilled adj 满足的满意的
    fulfillment n 满足
    a sense of fulfillment 满足感

  3. function
    n 功能;vt 发挥功效
    The machine doesn't function well

  4. fund
    n 资金 vt 资助

  5. fuss
    make a fuss of 大惊小怪