英语导学学习笔记0109

英语词汇导学–顾巍老师

G开头重点单词盘点

  1. gap
    n 裂缝,缝隙;差距;鸿沟
    generation gap 代沟
    information gap 信息差
    a gap year 间歇年
    narrow/widen the gap 缩小/扩大差距

  2. gaze
    凝视 -gape 目瞪口呆看 -glimpse
    瞥 -glance 扫视 -glare 怒视+at
    a glimpse of Harvard
    peer at 凝视/peep at 偷窥
    stare at 盯着看
    看: look vi +at/see vt/watch vt 观看;小心

  3. generalize
    vt 概括- general adj 普遍的,一般的+n 将军
    general introduction

  4. generate
    vt 发电;产生 produce
    generator n 发电机
    generate profits 产生利润
    generate interest 产生兴趣

  5. gene
    n 基因
    genetically adv 遗产学地
    GMF – genetically modified food 转基因食品
    modify vt 修改

  6. generous
    adj 慷慨的 – liberal adj
    economical/frugal/thrifty adj 节约的

  7. global
    global globalize globalization

  8. gloomy
    adj 阴霾的,阴郁的;
    gloomy future

  9. glorious
    glory n 荣耀 glorious adj 光荣的,荣耀的

  10. govern
    vt 统治,管理 government

  11. grab
    vt 抢夺
    smash and grab

  12. grant
    vt give officially 给予;授予;准予 n 助学金
    grant a degree 授予学位
    grant a driving license 颁发驾照

  13. grace
    n 优雅
    disgrace vt 使丢脸,使蒙羞
    graceful/graceless

  14. grateful
    adj 感谢的 gratitude n 感激 appreciate vt 感谢
    I am very grateful to you for your help
    I can hardly express my gratitude to you for your help=My gratitude to you is beyond expression/words
    appreciate vt
    I really appreciate your help

  15. grave
    adj 严重的,n 坟墓
    aggravate vt 加重,恶化
    grav 重 gravity n 重力

  16. greedy
    adj 贪婪的 n greed

  17. grieve
    vi+at 悲伤,难过;grief n
    I feel grieved at the economic loss

  18. gross
    adj 总的;毛的;不雅的
    GDP gross domestic product
    GNP gross national product
    gross weight/net weight
    gross behavior 不雅的行为

  19. guarantee
    vt 保证,担保
    ensure/guarantee +sth/that
    guarantee to do

  20. guilty
    adj guilt n 愧疚
    be guilty of

H开头重点单词盘点

  1. halt
    n stop 停止
    come to a halt 停止
    The car came to a halt

  2. hamper
    hinder vt 阻止,阻碍
    hamper/hinder sb from doing

  3. harmony
    n 和谐
    live in harmony 和谐相处
    harmonious adj 和谐的
    Only in this way can we build a harmonious society

  4. harness
    n 马具 vt 驾奴,利用
    harness a river 治理河流
    harness solar energy 利用太阳能

  5. haste
    n 匆忙 hurry hasty adj More haste,less speed 欲速则不达

  6. hazard
    danger n 危险
    dangerous hazardous adj

  7. heritage
    n 遗产 非物质文化遗产
    non- material cultural heritage/legacy

  8. hesitate
    vi 犹豫 hesitate to d
    If you have any questions,don’t hesitate to ask me

  9. highlight
    n 最精彩的部分
    vt 强调 emphasize/stress
    The teacher highlighted the importance to ask me

  10. hint
    n 暗示

  11. hollow
    bare empty blank vacant
    adj 空的 a hollow pipe/hollow bamboo 竹子
    bare adj covered with nothing 赤裸的,裸露的
    bare arm/leg/head
    empty:adj contain nothing (容器等)空的
    blank adj 空白的;茫然的,面无表情
    blank paper/check
    blank face/look
    vacant:adj not occupied 空座,空缺的
    vacant seats
    vacant positions 空缺 vacancy

  12. horizon
    n 地平线
    broaden one’s horizons 扩展视野

  13. hospitality
    n 热情好客

  14. hostile
    adj 敌意的

  15. humiliate
    vt 使屈辱

  16. hypothesis
    n 假设 hypo 假的

I开头重点单词盘点

  1. ideal
    adj 理想的,完美的
    an ideal job

  2. identical

  3. identify
    vt 1)识别;辨认,确定身份
    identify his identify
    2)identify A with B 认为AB等同
    Never identify facts with opinions
    identical adj 相同的
    There are no identical fingerprints 指纹 in the world
    3)identify oneself with sth 感同身受
    I can identify myself with the dilemma of the heroine
    identity n 身份
    身份证 ID card= identify card

  4. idle
    adj 空闲的

  5. ignorant
    be ignorant of adj 忽视
    ignore vt 忽视忽略

  6. illusion
    n 幻觉

  7. illustrate
    vt 例证;证明
    show/demonstrate/prove/reveal
    illustration n

  8. imitation
    n 模仿
    imitate vt 模仿

  9. immense
    adj 巨大的

  10. immune
    adj be immune to
    Vaccination can make us immune to Covid-19 viruses
    immune system 免疫系统

  11. impact
    vt & n 影响,冲击力
    influence
    have impact/influence on

  12. implement
    vt 执行;实施
    caution vi 警告

  13. implicit
    含蓄的 explicit 明显的

  14. imply

  15. impose
  16. impair
  17. impress
  18. imprison
  19. impulse
  20. incentive
  21. incident
  22. incline
  23. incredible
  24. incur
  25. indicate
  26. indifferent
  27. indignant
  28. indispensable
  29. indulge
  30. industrious
  31. inevitable
  32. infect
  33. infer
  34. initial
  35. inject
  36. innocent
  37. innovation
  38. inquire
  39. insight
  40. inisist
  41. inspect
  42. instinct
  43. institute
  44. instruct
  45. insure
  46. integrate
  47. intellect
  48. intense
  49. intend
  50. interact
  51. interfere
  52. interpret
  53. interrupt
  54. interval
  55. interview
  56. intricate
  57. intrigue
  58. invert
  59. investigate
  60. involve
  61. irritate
  62. issue

J开头重点单词盘点

K开头重点单词盘点

L开头重点单词盘点

M开头重点单词盘点